Happy birthday Marie Curie…
Marie SkÅ‚odowskaâ€“Curie (7 November 1867 â€“ 4 July 1934) was a physicist and chemist. She was a pioneer in the field of radioactivity, the only person honored with Nobel Prizes in two different sciences, and the first female professor at the University of Paris.
Her achievements include the creation of a theory of radioactivity (a term coined by her and Pierre), techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two new elements, radium and polonium. It was also under her personal direction that the world’s first studies were conducted into the treatment of neoplasms (“cancers”), using radioactive isotopes.
She named the first new chemical element that she discovered (1898) “polonium” for her native country, and in 1932 she founded a Radium Institute (now the Maria SkÅ‚odowskaâ€“Curie Institute of Oncology) in her home town Warsaw, headed by her physician-sister BronisÅ‚awa.
In an unusual decision, Marie Curie intentionally refrained from patenting the radium-isolation process so that the scientific community could do research unhindered.
Since they were unaware of the deleterious effects of radiation exposure attendant on their chronic unprotected work with radioactive substances, Marie and Pierre had no idea what price they were paying for their research.
Makers, will your daughter, niece or grandchild be the next Marie Curie? What can you do to spark their interests? Post in the comments!
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Illustrated Guide to Home Chemistry Experiments – For students, DIY hobbyists, and science buffs, who can no longer get real chemistry sets, this one-of-a-kind guide explains how to set up and use a home chemistry lab, with step-by-step instructions for conducting experiments in basic chemistry. Learn how to smelt copper, purify alcohol, synthesize rayon, test for drugs and poisons, and much more. The book includes lessons on how to equip your home chemistry lab, master laboratory skills, and work safely in your lab, along with 17 hands-on chapters that include multiple laboratory sessions.