The Lost Knowledge column explores the possible technology of the future in the forgotten ideas of the past (and those just slightly off to the side). Every other Wednesday, we look at retro-tech, “lost” technology, and the make-do, improvised “street tech” of village artisans and tradespeople from around the globe. “Lost Knowledge” was the theme of MAKE Volume 17
Hot on the heels of acquiring a copy of Artistic Printing, which inspired my last Lost Knowledge column, I also got a copy of another book cataloging the lost wonders of printing technology, namely, Pictorial Webster’s: A Visual Dictionary of Curiosities, by John M. Carrera (Chronicle Books, $35) and the art of wood engraving. My last column struck a nerve with other makers who share my enthusiasm for old-school printing, that I decided to share this second amazing book and the type of engraving that inspired it.
Pictorial Webster’s: A Visual Dictionary of Curiosities is a collection of hundreds of the wood-engraved illustrations that were found in 19th century editions of Webster’s dictionaries. The author, fine-press bookmaker John M. Carrera, began a fascinating ten year odyssey to bring the book to print after he discovered a brittle and yellowing copy of the 1898 edition of Webster’s International under his grandfather’s favorite reading chair. He was so taken by the wooden engravings in it that he contacted the Merriam-Webster Company and was told that there was a collection of the original “cuts” (the engravings) housed at Yale University. Carrera traveled there and discovered 150 drawers chaotically crammed with more than 10,000 wooden engravings and copper electrotypes (duplicates of the cuts). After he decided to create a new visual dictionary with these engravings, it took him a year just to identify and alphabetize the collection he chose for the book.
The above video shows what he did next, which was to create a special letterpressed, hand-bound version of his Pictorial Webster’s. Seeing the composing, printing, binding, and finishing process is amazing. The amount of work involved in such an undertaking is staggering. You’d think he’d have to sell the book for thousands of dollars (and still barely pay for his time). He does. He has several such editions available on his website. (As soon as I’m rich and famous…)
This video shows some of the whimsy to be discovered within this book. On the face of it, it looks like a standard visual dictionary, but it’s larded with fun and the funny. And some surreal, too. Wisps of Marcel Duchamp and James Joyce haunt these pages. Thought-provoking and strange quotes are peppered throughout. There’s a meta-conversation going on here, about chance, patterns, free-association, and the discovery of new things by combining old things. Pages are laid out to suggest a narrative. This is as much a piece of art as it is an inspiring reference book.
Here you can read more about the making of Pictorial Webster’s, including photos and descriptions of all the letterpressed, hand-bound editions. Chronicle is such an inspiring company that’s frequently involved in surprising and groundbreaking projects like this one. It’s wonderful that they’ve published this affordable hardback edition. They also have a rubber stamp set based on some of the images, and a set of “wall cards.” I got a box of the stamps and they’re lovely, a great addition to my ginormous stamp collection.
A wood engraving by Reynolds Stone (1900-1979), seen on A Blog About Typography.
Oh, yes, this column was also supposed to be about wood engraving. It’s a fascinating artform. The Wood Engraver’s Network is a good place to start exploring it. They have a short intro to and history of wood engraving, and you can download issues of their newsletter, the Block & Burin. And “block and burin” is largely what you need to know about wood engraving. The engravings are done on the end-grain of the wood (as opposed to side-grain), usually boxwood, which is soft enough for carving, but dense enough to hold up to fine detail. Burins, traditional engraving tools, are used. Also, check out The Wood Engraver, a blog maintained by a practitioner and enthusiast of the form.
- Lost Knowledge: “Artistic printing”
- Lost Knowledge: Cable lacing
- Lost Knowledge: Wire-wrapping
- Lost Knowledge: Stick chart navigation
- Lost Knowledge: Timbrel vaulting
- Lost Knowledge: Online resources
- Lost Knowledge: Homemade electronic components
- Lost Knowledge: Island tricks
- Lost Knowledge: Airships
- Lost Knowledge: The Catalog
- Lost Knowledge: The Antikythera Device
- Lost Knowledge: Village tech in West Papua, Indonesia
- Lost Knowledge: Neon lights
- Lost Knowledge: Reanimating Dead Media
- Lost Knowledge: Manual typewriters