Make: Projects

Trash Can Composter

Repurpose an old trash can into a composting canister.

Trash Can Composter

I like to pick things out of trash cans and reuse castaway items. Here, I repurpose the trash can itself to facilitate recycling organic waste into beneficial compost.

Commercial composting canisters can be costly, but they’re simply a place to allow natural microbial processes to convert waste matter into a dark, fresh-smelling soil. Commercial versions allow air and some water to get in, and sometimes a way to mix.

Most home trash cans fail when part of the bottom wears away, leaving a hole. Such a trash can is perfect for this project, since we’re just going to add more holes anyway.


Step #1: Clean the trash can.

Trash Can Composter
  • Scrub the trash can thoroughly inside and out to ensure that no inorganic waste remains. If you’re squeamish about this, buy a new one.
  • It’s helpful but not necessary to have a lid. If the original lid has gone missing, I’ll leave it to you to come up with another solution.

Step #2: Drill air holes.

Trash Can Composter

Use a drill with a 1" spade bit to make air holes. Space the holes about 3" to 4" apart over all sides of the trash can. Drill plenty of holes, but don’t compromise the structural integrity of the trash can. Avoid the corners to maintain the trash can’s strength. Drill holes on the bottom to help with drainage.

Step #3: Start composting.

Trash Can ComposterTrash Can ComposterTrash Can Composter
  • Theories about composting are as numerous as the holes you have drilled. General rules:
  • Keep the compost material damp, not wet.
  • Mix brown material (such as leaves) in with green material (such as grass clippings).
  • Use uncooked food scraps; no meat.
  • Don’t allow pet waste or anything treated with pesticides into your composter.
  • Turn the compost material regularly. If your can has a tight-fitting lid, you can lay it on its side and roll it around on the ground.
  • TIP: Nothing goes to waste in this project! The 1" cutouts made by the spade bit can be used as insulating washers in other projects.


This project first appeared in MAKE Volume 31, page 155.


  • Sarah Perez

    Trash Can Composter is truly an incredible way to keep trash and garbage. You can easily repurpose the garbage collection in Blackfoot to facilitate recycling organic waste into beneficial compost. This is an inventive way to clean your garbage and keep your place clean. However, commercial versions of compositing canisters allow air and some water to get in and sometimes a way to mix which is truly helpful. For more info visit here.