HOW TO – Make a Roomba Serial Interface

94722499 2F8E6D0B11-1
Here’s how to make a serial cable to control a Roomba with your Mac/PC. iRobot Roomba manufactured after October 2005 contain an electronic and software interface that allows you to control or modify Roomba’s behavior and remotely monitor its sensors. This interface is called the Roomba Serial Control Interface or Roomba SCI. When you’re done making this cable/board you can download free software to control the Roomba.HOW TO – Make a Roomba Serial Interface
By Tod E. Kurt & Mike Kuniavsky

A week ago I got my OSMO//hacker Roomba firmware updater from iRobot. It worked like a charm, giving me a serial port to fully control the Roomba.

An interface was needed however, since the crazy mini-DIN 7-pin on the Roomba is very unstandard. So the first attempt at a robust interface between a Roomba and a standard PC serial port is my Roomba Serial Interface.

The Roomba Serial Connector
It seems people are confused by the mini-DIN 7-pin connector, citing difficulties in obtaining that specific plug. It turns out that mini-DIN 8-pin plugs will mechanically mate with the 7-pin jacks, with the center key hole in the 7-pin female jack taking the middel pin of the 8-pin plug. Mac high-speed serial cables from the 1990’s work great for this, and I have a ton of those from all my misspent youth doing MIDI on a Mac. So chop up those old Mac serial cables! If you can’t find one, Jameco will sell you one for $3.29.

The PC Serial Connector
Some computers have an RS-232 serial port. Most don’t. To hook this serial interface cable up to your Mac or other modern computer without an RS-232 port, use a Keyspan High Speed USB Serial Adapter. Supported on all platforms and the choice of Mac hardware-hackers worldwide.

Step-by-Step Construction details
The Roomba SCI is a serial interface protocol to let you control your Roomba, but the port on the Roomba doesn’t conform to RS232 standards. This board does the conversion.

There are two boards shown here. The first version (larger, encased in lexan), and the second version (smaller, encased in a blue floss box).

89008228 E3A51C66De

Circuit is simply a 7805 +5V voltage regulator and MAX232 RS-232 transceiver, appropriate capacitors to make it work and a ‘power on’ LED. Because everything needs an LED. Flickr photo with notes here.

Below are parts lists from Jameco (and one from Radio Shack). Jameco doesn’t have the cheapest parts, but they do have an easy-to-use site, ship fast, and carry just about everything that a weekend electronics geek would need. If you want to really scrimp, shop at Digikey or Mouser, and you’ll probably save a few bucks on these parts.

95542287 A453490418
Flickr photo with notes here.

Parts list (from Jameco):
– 1 x Mac mini-din 8-pin cable ($3.29)
– 1 x serial cable with DB9 9-pin female connector ($3.95)
– 1 x 78L05 +5VDC voltage regulator ($0.27)
– 1 x MAX232 RS-232 transceiver ($2.19)
– 1 x green LED ($1.40 for 10)
– 1 x 220 ohm resistor ($0.69 for 100)
– 6 x 1 uF electrolytic capacitor ($1.20 for 10)

And from Radio Shack:
– 1 x prototyping pc board ($1.79)

Luckily I had all these parts in my part drawer, so the actual cost for me was zero. If you’ve ever done any little projects, you probably have some of these parts laying around too.

Tools needed
95542782 2661Df8B70
Flickr photo with notes here.

Cutting the cable
96085602 2E899F10D4

Strip off the big plastic cover, then strip off about 1/4″ from all the wires inside. Then do a continuity test on each wire to figure out which colored wire goes to which pin on the jack. Each cable I’ve done has had a different color-to-pin mapping.

Circuit diagram
94701997 B7E868Bc59
Larger version here.

Putting the components on the prototyping board
95543222 597E191301
Cut the prototyping board in two, since only half the space is needed.
Place the chip so it straddles the two big verticle bus lines, then start placing parts around it , using the connected pads to minimize the amount of wiring needed. Of course, a few wires are always needed. For that use snipped leads from parts.

Also, create test points using snipped leads to check voltages.

95543713 A90F2A2381
It’s really handy to have the vertical bus lines and the three pads joined. This board is like the best thing Radio Shack sells. :)

96085777 7B1C8788D8
Wire up the cables as shown in the schematic and the pin-to-cable color diagram made for the particular cable, solder them down, and hot-glue the cables to the board for strain relief. Flickr photo with notes here.

Testing the voltage
96085472 503B023A5A
After all the parts are soldered, use the +9VDC wall wart power supply to power up the circuit, and check voltages. The LED should light up and +5VDC should be coming out of the regulator.

89008681 Ffcb880B5D

89008467 5F10A135B4
The LED lighting up means the interface is getting voltage from the Roomba.

The enclosure is a floss container. Consumer products have a lot of interesting plastic enclosure styles, and so cheap! This one was something like $2.49. A little time with the diagonal cutters and soldering iron allowed the board to fit.

Once it’s in the enclosure, hook up the +9VDC wall wart again and measure voltages on every pin on each cable, to make sure the circuit doesn’t fry the Roomba or the computer’s serial interface.

96085897 7D24308Dff

96086026 8732Cfb780

Get the software
94722499 2F8E6D0B11

Now drive your Roomba around like a little tank and play music on it! For more details on the software, see my blog post.

Special note: This how to will also be posted to the Roomba wiki. If you build any Roomba project and would like to contribute to the wiki email [email protected].

Explore More From Make: