Math Monday: Shadowfolds

Craft & Design Science
Math Monday: Shadowfolds

By George Hart for the Museum of Mathematics


By folding a pleat in piece of fabric, you make one layer into three layers. By choosing the width and direction of many pleats, you can make geometric patterns. Chris Palmer has raised this to an artform with works that he calls Shadowfolds. This green, cotton example is based on an Islamic tiling pattern featuring decagons and ten-fold rosettes.

When light passes through the layers, patterns of translucency and shadow reveal the inner details of the folds.

The pattern to make your own copy of this Pinwheel Path lamp (and many other projects) is given in the Shadowfolds book, by Jeff Rutzky and Chris Palmer. An easier project to start with is this pentagonal star pillow, made from an 18-inch square of silk.

Simply transfer the pattern [PDF] below to the fabric, make a loop of thread between each connected pair of dots, pull each loop tight so the dot pairs are brought together, and the fabric naturally folds into the desired pleats. You can then do a bit of shaping by hand to fine-tune the radial symmetry of the pattern, and iron the pleats.


4 thoughts on “Math Monday: Shadowfolds

  1. nycdesigner says:

    The book is available at

  2. Peter Price says:

    Beautiful! Really nice connections between math and art! Thanks for sharing.

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Gareth Branwyn is a freelance writer and the former Editorial Director of Maker Media. He is the author or editor of over a dozen books on technology, DIY, and geek culture. He is currently a contributor to Boing Boing, Wink Books, and Wink Fun. His free weekly-ish maker tips newsletter can be found at

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