Take your 5/4 board and using your table saw or circular saw you will cut two grooves that are equidistant from each other and the sides of the board. On a standard 5/4x4 board, this would come out to each groove being 7/8" away from each side.
You can find this measurement by taking the width of the board (3.5), dividing it by 2 (1.75), then dividing that number by 2 (0.875, or 7/8). This is the distance the groove will be from the side.
Step #2: Lots of Measuring
I don't show it in this order in the video, but I should. Before moving forward you need to see how many nails you have, and decide how many you want to use. An average box has 15-17 nails, I used 32. To determine where your nails will go, take the length of the board (48") and divide it by the amount of nails you wish to use (48/32=1.5). Its this number that tells you the distance between each nail, in my case it was an inch and a half.
Now make marks where your nails will go, remembering to stagger the marks between each groove. This doesn't need to be really specific, but it is important for the next step.
Step #3: Drill Shelf Pilot Holes
Now drill some pilot holes for your shelf. I used three screws to attach mine. Use the marks you made previously to make sure that wherever you put a screw wouldn't line up with a nail. Placement of the screws doesn't need to be specific, just so that they go in between each nail.
Don't attach the shelf just yet, there is more to be done before that.
Its now time for the funnest part of the entire project. Using a torch, burn the showing sides of the wood, then brush off the charred outer layer of wood using a steel wire brush. Whats left is the beautiful, carmel like color of the burnt wood beneath it.
Try experimenting with the length of time you hold the torch to different spots of the wood. Don't worry about messing it up, you surprisingly can't burn it too much and it can always be burned again if needed.
Step #5: Attach the Shelf
After thoroughly wiping it off, attach the shelf with some 1.5" wood screws. This part could be done after the nails are on, but must be done before the finish. Whether or not you choose to wait is up to you, but waiting makes it a bit easier to work with when hammering the nails in. I found this out the hard way.
Step #7: Finish the Finish
If not already done, attach the shelf then add a couple coats of polyurethane to finish it off.
Add your ties and admire with pride, as you have just completed the tie rack. No more fussing with a hanger, or losing ties indefinitely.
NOTE: Any measurements mentioned can be easily changed according to the desired length of your tie rack.
(I saw in the video that I accidentally wrote loaded...whoops)