Bluetooth: The Next Generation

Arduino Computers & Mobile
Bluetooth: The Next Generation

The Monday Jolt

Bluetooth has never had a reputation as being easy to work with, however with the arrival of the new Bluetooth 4.0 standard, and specifically Bluetooth Low Energy, it’s not only become a lot easier to work with, but it’s become a lot more useful. Especially to makers, who now have a really low powered, flexible, wireless technology available to them.

There has been support for Bluetooth LE in iOS for some time, and support has increased with the recent announcements around iOS7 at WWDC a couple of weeks ago. However until recently there was limited support on Android, however with the announcement last month at Google I/O that the next generation of the Android operating system will support Bluetooth LE, both of the major mobile platforms now support the standard.

However it’s only been the last few months where support on the other end, the micro-controller side of things, has begun to take off. System-on-a-chip and Bluetooth modules, for instance from Bluegiga, Texas Instruments and Nordic, have been available for a while now. However easy to use boards offering serial interfaces like Kroll’s BLE Shield, or the RedBearLab‘s BLE Shield and BLE mini board, are really only now becoming available in quantity.

Which of course means that we’re probably ready for the next step, which is Bluetooth LE in an Arduino compatible form factor. There are two really interesting projects on Kickstarter right now.

The first is Ember & Torch, two Arduino-compatible boards with built in Bluetooth LE. Torch is a Arduino software and pin compatible board, while Ember comes in an Arduino mini form factor.

However the most interesting thing about Ember & Torch isn’t the hardware, it’s the Bonfire library that will ship with the boards. With support on the Arduino and iOS/Android side it allows you to attach a function to an event. So for instance if you want to send a sensor update from the Arduino to your phone, you’d “emit” an event inside the Arduino main loop, which would be bound to a callback block on the iOS end of things (and vice versa). It looks like a flexible system, and one level of abstraction above the straight serial interfaces that have been available up till now.

The other interesting project is the BLEduino. Interestingly, while the board also comes in an Arduino mini form factor this project have invented something they’re calling the Shield-Shield which slips underneath the BLEduino board to give it a standard Arduino form factor and pin out. It’s a rather ingenious idea actually, and while I’m sure it’s not a new one, it’s not something I’d come across before.

Unlike the Ember & Torch there isn’t as much detail on how data is sent across Bluetooth LE between the board and the phone. However for those of you that aren’t iOS or and Android developers the BLEduino is also going to ship with an iOS application that will let you take control of the board without any programming on the mobile platform end.

Both projects look interesting, and I’m hoping that both pass their Kickstarter goals and get funded because they’re different enough that I’d like to play with both.

Going forward I’d eventually like to see a board that allows you to define its GATT profiles programmatically. It’s theoretically it is possible, I think that while not particularly well documented the Nordic chipset will let you do this at run time, and it would let you turn your Arduino into an “arbitrary” Bluetooth device. Which would be pretty cool, because that means that any iOS or Android application designed to work with that sort of Bluetooth device would talk to your Arduino board without doing anything programmatic on the mobile side of things.

5 thoughts on “Bluetooth: The Next Generation

  1. mack says:

    you forgot RFduino.

    1. Alasdair Allan says:

      I didn’t forget it, I just didn’t mention it. Their Kickstarter is closed and I figured most people interested in the topic will have heard of them already. These are a couple of new boards.

      1. mack says:

        Fair enough, I just thought it was another good one to highlight :)

  2. tamberg says:

    Great article. In the meantime Dr. M. Kroll started working on BLE-Shield v2, BLEbee (XBee form factor), BLE-Duino 32u4 (Arduino clone with BLE), see

  3. Nghia Tran says:

    Amazing article, it help me a lot to understand Estimote clearly. Many thanks to you :)

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Alasdair Allan is a scientist, author, hacker and tinkerer, who is spending a lot of his time thinking about the Internet of Things. In the past he has mesh networked the Moscone Center, caused a U.S. Senate hearing, and contributed to the detection of what was—at the time—the most distant object yet discovered.

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